The Site of Community Importance "Giara di Gesturi" features a marked geomorphological homogeneity that corresponds with a significant ecological variety. In fact, on the plateau and the steep slopes that surround it, there are different habitats considered to be habitats of community interest due to their environmental importance and ecological value, so they are protected under the "Habitats Directive" (92/43 / EEC). Among these, it is worth mentioning the presence of two priority habitats, which are under particular forms of protection because of their vulnerability.

The following table lists the Habitats of Community Interest that have been identified within the Site. The high ecological variety is demonstrated by the presence of habitats belonging to different environmental systems (natural and semi-natural grasslands, shrublands and sclerophyll woods, Mediterranean forests, and freshwater formations).

Habitat 3120 - Oligotrophic water containing very few minerals, generally on sandy soils of the Western Mediterranean, with Isoëtes spp.

Habitat 3130 - Oligotrophic to mesotrophic stagnant water with vegetation of the Littorelletea uniflorae and/or of the Isoëto-Nanojuncetea

Priority Habitat 3170* - Mediterranean temporary ponds

Habitat 5330 - Thermo-Mediterranean and pre-desert scrub

Priority Habitat 6220* - Pseudo-steppe with grasses and annuals from the Thero-Brachypodietea

Habitat 6310 - Dehesas with evergreen Quercus spp.

Habitat 9330 - Quercus suber forests

Habitat 9340 - Quercus ilex and Quercus rotundifolia forests


It is an amphibious plant community related to the Isoëtetalia syntaxonomic order and distributed throughout the Mediterranean, part

This habitat consists of formations of high bushes that are dominated by holm oak trees (Quercus ilex), characterized by a

A priority habitat under the Habitats Directive, it is dominated by annual herbaceous vegetation, with small species that mostly bel

It is a common scrub habitat in the thermo-Mediterranean zone.

TheMediterranean temporary ponds are recognized as a priority habitat under the Habitats Directive. These stagnant freshwater bodies, sometimes just a few centimeters deep, host a great variety of vegetation, which is mainly composed of annual species (therophytes) and small geophytes that appear during late winter/spring.

The vegetation in the Mediterranean temporary ponds, referring to the Isoëto Nanojuncetea class, is arranged in bands according to water depth. These formations often have very limited dimensions, which makes them difficult to find.

This habitat is composed of pastures with a presence of sporadic arboreal elements, mainly evergreen oaks like Quercus suber, Qu

The habitat, mainly composed of Quercus suber (cork oak), is distributed throughout the western parts of the Mediterranean

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