The wealth of natural resources, the archaeological heritage and the architectural relics of the past make the territory of the Giara an essential stop for those who want to visit Sardinia. The characteristics that define Sardinian culture, although present in other parts of the island, are clearly evident in this region. The Marmilla, Campidano and Trexenta regions have used grain as a key resource to safeguard the lives of its many inhabitants. In fact, one could say the cultivation of cereal has given the communities of this area the opportunity to grow, while still maintaining their own traditions and culture. However, one of the most interesting aspects of the area is the relationship that these villages have had with the plateau, which has been the backdrop of their culture.
Herding, a secondary activity compared to the cultivation of grain, has found its preferred context in the basaltic plateau, since the Giara has been preserved as a natural environment throughout the centuries.
The places around the many paths leading to the Giara are certainly attractive for visitors. These paths, locally called “scalas”, have been used since ancient times and, nowadays, guide their guests to several forests of oak tres, graze the paùlis (temporary ponds) populated by wild horses, and approach the remains of the numerous nuraghes and old sheep pens that are on the plateau. Moreover, every step of the scalas offers a view from the top of the Giara towards the cultivated land in the plains.
Multiple museums dedicated to nature and the remains of ancient settlements are located in traditional rural houses, which have been especially restored to house the ethnographic collections, in the surrounding villages.
The sites of scientific and environmental interest, the forests of ancient trees and the other aforementioned resources form a dense network of attractions, which are included in the tourist routes that connect to the streets of the small historical centers, the religious buildings around which every settlement developed, and the civil buildings. All of these provide evidence of an agricultural past that has not yet fully been spent.