In the territory of the SCI "Giara di Gesturi", there are many wildlife species of international importance that are protected by the EU Habitats (92/43/EEC) and Birds (2009/147/EC) Directives.

There are more than a hundred vertebrate species. Sixteen percent of the bird species are listed in Annex I of the Birds Directive, and, therefore, deserve special conservation attention. Among these, we note the presence of the Accipiter gentilis arrigonii, especially in Quercus ilex and Quercus suber forests and conifer formations; the Western Marsh Harrier, Black-winged Stilt, Northern Harrier, Ruff, European Golden Plover and Wood Sandpiper (Circus aeruginosus, Himantopus himantopus, Circus cyaneus, Philomachus pugnax, Pluvialis apricaria, Tringa glareola). They prefer humid environments, such as paulis. The Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) likes areas with sparse vegetation near wetlands. The Barbary Partridge (Alectoris barbara) inhabits agricultural lands among Mediterranean maquis, scrublands, and natural and artificial recolonization areas. The White Stork (Ciconia ciconia) stays in lands covered with temporary crops associated with other permanent crops, surrounded by natural grassland and wetlands; the Dartford Warbler and the Marmora's Warbler (Sylvia undata and Sylvia sarda) both prefer to live in  the Mediterranean maquis or immersed in the garrigue, but the fist is also an inhabitant of the natural and artificial recolonization areas.

The species of amphibians that have been reported are three, among which deserves special attention the Tyrrhenian painted frog (Discoglossus sardus - Annexes II and IV of the Habitats Directive), seen in particular in agricultural lands, deciduous forests and marshes.

There have been five reptile species documented inside the SCI, which are evenly distributed in the territory, but especially in agricultural areas, scrublands and areas with sparse vegetation. The most relevant is the European leaf-toed gecko (Euleptes europaea), inserted in Annexes II and IV of the Habitats Directive.

The mammal species reported are two: the endemic Sardinian garden dormouse (Eliomys quercinus sardus, Barrett-Hamilton, 1901) and the Kuhl's pipistrelle (Pipistrellus kuhlii, Kuhl, 1817).

Among the invertebrates, there is the Great capricorn beetle (Cerambyx cerdo - Annexes II and IV of the Habitats Directive), which damages the structure of the arboreal elements because of its parasitic behave.

The summary tables containing the species included in the EU directives ("Habitat" and "Birds"), divided by type, are shown below.

Birds included in Annex I of the "Birds Directive"

Barbary Partridge, Alectoris barbara, Bonnaterre, 1792

Black-winged Stilt, Himantopus himantopus, Linnaeus, 1758

Corsican Goshawk, Accipiter gentilis arrigonii, Kleinschmidt, 1903

Dartford Warbler, Sylvia undata, Boddaert, 1783

European Golden Plover, Pluvialis apricaria, Linnaeus, 1758

European Nightjar, Caprimulgus europaeus, Linnaeus, 1758

Northern Harrier, Circus cyaneus, Linnaeus, 1766

Marmora's Warbler, Sylvia sarda, Temminck, 1820

Peregrine Falcon, Falco peregrinus, Tunstall, 1771

Red-backed Shrike, Lanius collurio, Linnaeus, 1758

Ruff, Phylomachus pugnax, Linnaeus, 1758

Tawny Pipit, Anthus campestris, Linnaeus, 1758

Western Marsh Harrier, Circus aeruginosus, Linnaeus, 1758

White Stork, Ciconia ciconia, Linnaeus, 1758

Wood Sandpiper, Tringa glareola, Linnaeus, 1758

Woodlark, Lullula arborea, Linnaeus, 1758


Fauna included in Annex II of the "Habitats Directive"

European leaf-toed gecko, Euleptes europaea, Gené, 1839

Great capricorn beetle, Cerambyx cerdo, Linnaeus, 1758

Tyrrhenian painted frog, Discoglossus sardus, Tschudi, 1837

Eliomys quercinus sardus Barrett-Hamilton, 1901

Accipiter gentilis arrigonii Kleinschmidt, 1903

Caprimulgus europaeus Linnaeus, 1758

Cerambyx cerdo Linnaeus, 1758

Alectoris barbara Bonnaterre, 1792

Anthus campestris Linnaeus, 1758

Ciconia ciconia Linnaeus, 1758

Circus aeruginosus Linnaeus, 1758

Lepidurus apus lubbocki, Brauer, 1873

Circus cyaneus Linnaeus, 1766

Discoglossus sardus Tschudi, 1837

Euleptes europaea  Gené, 1839

Himantopus himantopus Linnaeus, 1758 

Falco peregrinus Tunstall, 1771

Lanius collurio Linnaeus, 1758

Tringa glareola Linnaeus, 1758

Sylvia undata Boddaert, 1783

Podarcis tiliguerta. Gmelin, 1789

Lullula arborea Linnaeus, 1758

Pluvialis apricaria Linnaeus, 1758

Philomachus pugnax Linnaeus, 1758

Sylvia sarda Temminck, 1820

Pipistrellus kuhlii, Kuhl, 1817

Equus caballus giarae Linnaeus, 1758

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